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  • Casadie Morris

Understanding Dyslexia

Updated: Jul 9

Dyslexia is a specific learning disorder characterized by difficulties with accurate and fluent word recognition, poor spelling, and decoding abilities. It is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects the way the brain processes written language, leading to challenges in reading, writing, and sometimes spelling despite normal intelligence and adequate instruction. However, with appropriate support and interventions, individuals with dyslexia can learn to compensate for their challenges and achieve success in school, work, and other areas of life.



NOTE: Dyslexia is not related to intelligence, vision, or motivation, but rather to differences in how the brain processes language.


Individuals with dyslexia may experience difficulties in various aspects of learning, including:

Difficulty with Reading:


  • Slow, inaccurate, or laborious reading.

  • Difficulty decoding words, especially unfamiliar ones.

  • Guessing words based on context rather than decoding them phonetically. Spelling Challenges:


  • Poor spelling, with frequent mistakes in spelling words phonetically.

  • Difficulty remembering and applying spelling rules.

  • Inconsistent spelling of the same word.


Difficulty with Writing:


  • Poor handwriting, often characterized by inconsistent letter formations and spacing.

  • Difficulty organizing thoughts and expressing ideas in writing.


Difficulty with Phonological Awareness:


  • Difficulty recognizing and manipulating individual sounds in words (phonemes).

  • Challenges with rhyming, segmenting words into syllables, or blending sounds to form words.


Word Retrieval Difficulty:


  • Difficulty recalling and retrieving words from memory, especially when speaking or writing.


Reading Comprehension Challenges:


  • Difficulty understanding and remembering what has been read, even when words are decoded accurately.

  • Difficulty making inferences or drawing conclusions from text.


Difficulty with Sequencing and Organization:


  • Difficulty following sequences of instructions, steps, or events.

  • Challenges with organizing thoughts and materials.


Delayed Speech and Language Development:


  • Late onset of speech or delayed language milestones during early childhood.

  • Difficulty with speech articulation, such as mispronouncing words or difficulty with word retrieval.


Avoidance of Reading and Writing Activities:


  • Avoidance of activities that involve reading or writing due to frustration or embarrassment.

It's important to note that dyslexia is a spectrum disorder, and individuals may exhibit a combination of these symptoms to varying degrees of severity. Additionally, not all individuals with dyslexia will display the same set of symptoms, and some individuals may have strengths in other areas, such as creativity or problem-solving. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have dyslexia, it's important to seek an evaluation from a qualified professional, for diagnosis and appropriate support.


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