These are some general abilities you should expect to see your child accomplish between 4 and 5 years old.
Understands words relating to order (such as first, next, last) and time (such as yesterday, today, tomorrow)
Follows longer and more complex directions with 3-steps or multiple features
Understands almost everything that is said around them
Says all speech sounds in words, although some mistakes may be heard on harder sounds like l, s, r, v, z, ch, th, sh
Names letters and numbers
Uses sentences with more than one action word
Tells short stories
What can I do to help my child’s language skills develop and build between 4 and 5 years old?
Talk about opposites and spatial relationships (first/middle/last).
Take turns playing games like “I spy.” Describing items and also having your child describe items are great language-builders.
Ask your child to give you directions for a simple task while you follow them.
Enrich your child’s vocabulary by naming and describing new concepts and items.
Encourage your child to ask for clarification when needed.
Talk about categories, especially subcategories. Why are items similar or different?
Have fun with imaginative play.
Make predictions while reading stories. Ask your child comprehension questions about the stories.
Play simple board games.
Involve your child in decision making and planning.
If you’re concerned about your child’s language or speech development, please call and set up a free consultation at (253) 237-3405. This post concludes our developmental norms series, thank you for following!